# Enumerative Combinatorics

**
Super-Catalan problems: **
**Andrew N. Fan, Toufik Mansour and Sabrina X. M. Pang, 4 November 2005**. As we know several people tried to get many structures for fine numbers (see Sequence A000957 in The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, while others on Catalan numbers (see Sequence A000108 in The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. Stanley gave more than **149** (Up to 29 July 2007) Catalan structures while Deutsch and Shapiro (see Discrete Mathematics 241, 2001, 241-265) also discovered many settings for the Fine numbers. The structures for Fine numbers and Catalan numbers are intimately related from the list of Fine number occurrences in Discrete Mathematics 241, 2001, 241-265, which motivated us to find out more and more super-Catalan structures by the tight link between Catalan numbers and super-Catalan numbers, whose first several terms are 1,1,3,11,45,197,… (see Sequence A001003 in The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences. The purpose of this paper is to give a unified presentation of many new super-Catalan structures. We start the project with the idea of giving a restricted bi-color to the existed Catalan structures, and have included a selection of results in a short paper (will appear).

**K-Catalan structures: **
**Silvia Heubach, Nelson Y. Li, Toufik Mansour, 29 July 2007**. One of the frequently occurring sequences in combinatorics are the Catalan numbers, defined as $C_n=\frac{1}{n+1}{2n \choose n}$, which count numerous combinatorial structures. For a list of these, see Stanley's Homepage. Probably the most important generalization of the Catalan numbers are the k-ary numbers, defined by $C_n^k=\frac{1}{kn+1}{kn+1 \choose n}=\frac{1}{(k-1)n+1}{kn \choose n}$ for any positive integers k,n. Clearly, C_n^2=C_n. The main purpose of this draft is to serve as a repository for k-Catalan structures. It is a dynamical list and will be continually up-dated. We invite the combinatorics community to submit additional structures by sending email to Toufik Mansour.

**Wilf classes and involutions**: **Mark Dukes, Vit Jelínek, Toufik Mansour and Astrid Reifegerste, 10 August 2007**. The complete list of the Wilf classes of S_{6} can be found in Patterns of Length Six , and the complete list of the Wilf classes of S_{7} can be found in Patterns of Length Seven.

**Wilf classes and partitions**: **Vit Jelínek and Toufik Mansour, 6 Sept 2007**. The complete list of the Wilf classes of P_{5} (partitions of [5]) can be found in Patterns of Length Five, the complete list of the Wilf classes of P_{6} can be found in Patterns of Length Six, and the complete list of the Wilf classes of P_{7} can be found in Patterns of Length Seven.

**Wilf classes on k-ary words, compositions, and parking functions**: **Vit Jelínek and Toufik Mansour, 10 April 2008**. The complete list of the Wilf classes of words patterns of length 4,5,6 in the set of k-ary words can be found in Word Patterns, the complete list of the Wilf classes of words patterns of length 4,5 in the set of compositions can be found in Composition Patterns, and the complete list of the Wilf classes words pattern of length 3,4,5 in the set of parking functions can be found in Parking function patterns.

**Wilf classes of partial matching patterns and prefect matchings**: **Vit Jelínek and
Toufik Mansour, 10 March 2010**. The list of the Wilf classes of words patterns of length 6 and 7 in the set of prefect matchings can be found in Partial Matching Patterns.

**Wilf classes of noncrossing set partitions**: **Vit Jelínek, Toufik Mansour and Mark Shattuck, 24 August 2011**.
The list of the Wilf classes of set partition patterns of length 4, 5 and 6 in the set of noncrossing set partitions can be found in
set partition patterns.

**Passing through a stack k times with reversals**:
**Toufik Mansour, Howard Skogman and Rebecca Smith, 06 March 2019**. Click to find
the generating function M2U(x).